Women and girls are usually the first victims of conflict. They are disproportionately affected by conflict related displacement, rights deprivation, marginalization, and abuse. They are also the prime targets of sexual violence, rape, of forced and child marriages.
In 1999 the Security Council took a unanimous decision to address systematically the protection of civilians in armed conflict. Considerable normative base has been created and progress made since. That progress has been reinforced by the adoption of the landmark Resolution 1325 a year later, and relevant developments since.