Statement by the Permanent Representative of Lithuania to the UN at the High-Level Meeting on Peacebuilding and Sustaining Peace
Ladies and Gentlemen,
Lithuania aligns itself with the statement delivered on behalf of the European Union and would like to add some remarks in its national capacity.
Today, numerous armed conflicts and instability in the world make us go back to the main purpose of the United Nations: to maintain peace and security throughout the world. However, peaceful and sustainable coexistence between countries and societies requires collective efforts and determination as well as national commitment to a sustainable future that belongs to all of us. Peace is not only absence of violence. There are institutions, structures, communities and attitudes that underpin it. Understanding what makes peace possible enables us to sustain it.
In the twin resolutions on peacebuilding and sustaining peace of 2016 we asserted that sustaining peace ‘should flow through all three pillars of the United Nations’ and that it ‘must involve the entire United Nations system’. In this context we particularly welcome and fully support Secretary-General’s steps and vision regarding three UN reform tracks. These reforms are necessary to make the UN truly focused and capable of sustaining peace. At the same time, Lithuania welcomes the recent report of the Secretary General on Peacebuilding and Sustaining Peace as well as recommendations and options it contains. We must work together to advance those recommendations and continue to implement them.
In this regard, let me recall the draft GA resolution on “Follow-up to the report of the Secretary-General on peace building and sustaining peace”, which will be adopted later today and which Lithuania and Bangladesh had the honor to co-facilitate. By agreeing on this important consensual resolution, the UN Member States once again demonstrated their commitment to the principles of sustaining peace and will to further advance its implementation. As one of the co-facilitators, I want to once again thank delegations for their constructive engagement and positive contributions during the informal consultations on this (yet) draft resolution.
Let me now touch upon two elements that are of particular importance for my delegation: inclusivity and adequate resourcing for sustaining peace activities.
Inclusive, transparent and effective decision making and respect for the rule of law are critical for sustaining peace. When peacebuilding efforts are based on inclusive societal consultations, where credible mechanisms for effective and broad public participation exist and no group or segment of the society is excluded, this generates legitimacy and trust in the state and its institutions. Conversely, the absence of such inclusivity threatens peace and reconciliation processes and the stability of the state itself.
In particular, women, youth and civil society can and must play an active role in preventing conflicts, conflict resolution and in the peacebuilding efforts that follow. We have a growing amount of evidence that participation of women means more peace and stability. But at the same time and despite of this knowledge, investment in women, peace and security as well as women and sustaining peace, remains woefully low.
It is our view that Sustaining Peace has major linkages with the Women, Peace and Security Agenda: both Agendas have a key commitment to the principle of prevention. Yet again, we have to recognize that prevention is the least developed and most under-resourced aspect of both Women, Peace and Security and Sustaining Peace Agendas. There is a clear necessity to address this key gap issue for a long-lasting peace. And for this we need to discuss ways of how to ensure better financing for the UN prevention activities, be it a part of the WPS agenda or that of the Sustaining Peace.
This brings me to my second point: the effectiveness of the UN system in sustaining peace is contingent on appropriate resourcing. Examples from the field indicate that well-designed and managed pooled funds can improve the efficiency of the UN’s work in sustaining peace. UN system needs smarter money, not necessarily more money. Innovative ways of financing, partnerships with the private sector should be at the forefront of our discussions on how to improve funding for the UN activities in peacebuilding and sustaining peace. In this context we look forward for the interim report of the Secretary-General further elaborating on his recommendations and options, including those on financing for UN peacebuilding activities. We remain hopeful that this report will steer needed discussion and will lead to some important decisions.
Let me conclude by saying that it is our common interest to further reinforce the sustaining peace efforts through utilizing momentum of the UN reform, committing to adequate resourcing and capacity building of the UN system as well as encouraging Member States to fully engage and work towards a sustainable peace. Lithuania remains ready to do its end.
I thank you.
New York, 25 April 2018